The region comprises Nigeria, East Africa (Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Burundi, Rwanda and South Sudan), Africa Regional Markets (including Ghana, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Angola and a sorghum beer business in South Africa) and South Africa (including Republic of South Africa and Mozambique).
We operate 12 breweries in Africa, four sites that produce sorghum beer in South Africa, cider plants and five facilities which provide blending and malting services. In addition, our beer and spirits brands are produced under licence by third-parties in 19 African countries. In the year ended 30 June 2016 we sold our 25% interest in a brewery in South Africa.
Route to consumer
In Africa our largest businesses are in Nigeria, where we own 54.3% of a listed company whose principal brands are Guinness, Orijin, Harp and Malta, and in East Africa, where we own 50.03% of East African Breweries Limited (EABL). EABL produces and distributes beer and spirits brands to a range of consumers in Kenya and Uganda, and owns a 51% equity in Serengeti Breweries Limited located in Tanzania. Within Africa Regional Markets, we have wholly owned subsidiaries in Cameroon, Ethiopia and Reunion and majority-owned subsidiaries in Ghana and the Seychelles. Angola is supplied via a third party distributor. In South Africa and Mozambique we sell spirits, beer, cider and ready to drink products through wholly owned subsidiaries, following the termination of the agreement with Heineken and Namibia Breweries Limited in December 2015. Diageo has agreements with the Castel Group who license, brew and distribute Guinness in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Gambia, Gabon, Ivory Coast, Togo, Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali and Guinea. Diageo sells spirits through distributors in the majority of other sub-Saharan countries.
Sustainability and Responsibility
The issues we address differ between markets but a key issue in many is illicit alcohol. We work closely with governments and regulators on this significant public health issue and specific local issues, such as drink driving in South Africa or bringing in a minimum legal drinking age in Ghana. Our aim everywhere is to promote responsible drinking as part of a balanced lifestyle. Our overall approach is to consider the broader context of our contribution as a local taxpayer, employer and member of the community. Our recent work to assess human rights impacts throughout the value chain was piloted in Kenya. We source 73% of agricultural materials locally and we work with more than 50,000 local farmers for our agricultural inputs. Fifteen of our production sites in Africa are in water-stressed areas, so we focus closely on managing water efficiently and enhancing access to clean water to surrounding communities through our pan-African Water of Life programme. This year we launched the Water Blueprint in East Africa, to address water stewardship in this water-stressed area. Our new Sustainable Agriculture Strategy will play an important part in strengthening our longstanding and mutually beneficial relationships with farmers and communities.